In the last she trained group psychotherapists at Goldsmith's College in London. Elizabeth Foulkes was an adherent of S. Foulkes' approach, which was inspired by Gestalt psychology. Foulkes regarded groups as basic to human existence and stressed that mental disorders could only be understood and treated within the social context. At the same time she attended the lectures of Anna Freud and had a personal analysis with Ernst Kris. In she gained her PhD at the Vienna University and worked subsequently as an education advisor at the Wiener Jugendamt and Karolinen-Kinderspital.
In , the year of the "Anschluss", she emigrated from Austria to Scotland where she was appointed to the staff of the Crichton Royal Hospital in Dumfries. Liselotte Frankl continued her psychoanalytic training in London and joined the British Psychoanalytical Society, where she became a training analyst and supervisor a few years later. At Hampstead with Ilse Hellmann she directed a research project on adolescence. Her psychoanalytic writings include works on the problems of adolescence, accident proneness, the development of Albanian infants and the Ego's participation in the therapeutic alliance.
In Liselotte Frankl went on leave because of a depressive period and underwent psychiatric treatment. After her recovery she did not return to her former position and died at the age of 78 in London. The English psychoanalyst Marjorie Ellen Franklin was born into a well-to-do family prominent in banking and liberal Jewish circles.
She had been intended for the educational profession and was sent to the House of Education in Ambleside to be trained by Charlotte Mason, but soon she decided to study medicine. Her main interest was the application of psychoanalysis to the under-privileged which she undertook through honorary appointments at hospitals. While working as a junior medical officer at the Portsmouth Borough Mental Hospital in the early s, Marjorie Franklin became interested in the relationship between mental illness and the patient's environment.
According to this milieu-therapy, theoretically inspired by positions of Donald W. Suttie, patients live in a therapeutic community and are treated by a psychoanalytically supervised staff team. The therapy is based on establishing non-authoritarian, loving and accepting relationships. The first practical project of the Planned Environmental Therapy, the Hawkspur camp for maladjusted men, was set up in by Marjorie Franklin and her colleague David Wills, it was followed by a camp for maladjusted boys in the s.
In she commenced her medical education in Innsbruck and Berlin and obtained her degree in Simultaneously she began her psychoanalytic training at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, her training analyst was presumably Hanns Sachs. Their daughter Sybille was born two years later.
She shared the views of Anna Freud , with whom she worked together during the following years. Working at the Institute for the Study and Treatment of Delinquency under the leadership of Edward Glover, she referred to August Aichhorn's Viennese work with problem adolescents and counselled maladjusted children and delinquent juveniles.
However, she did not find it useful to conduct personal analysis with juvenile delinquents, but combined psycho- and socio-therapeutic measures. She preferred prevention, rather than cure, by educating parents, teachers and social workers. In her main work The Psychoanalytic Approach to Juvenile Delinquency she described the origins of the delinquent behaviour as follows: A latent neglect structure - strong unmodified drives, a weak ego, which is dominated by pleasure principle, and an non-independent super-ego - becomes manifest under the influence of negative environmental conditions.
Unlike the neurotic, who gets substitutive satisfaction by the use of the imagination, the drive impulse of the antisocial character leads to a criminal act. She died at the early age of 46 of lung cancer. Alice Goldberger was born into a Jewish family in Berlin. She trained as a social worker and educator and worked in various institutions in Berlin, inter alia as the head of "Obdach", a state run facility for disadvantaged children and their families. Since she led the kindergarten of the Jewish Community in Berlin, before she emigrated to England in Her family perished in concentration camps.
When interned on the Isle of Man as an "enemy alien", Alice Goldberger organized a nursery school for the children of the internees. The success of this venture was reported in the daily newspaper, and when Anna Freud read the account she invited Goldberger to join her team in She first became superintendent of the country-house War Nursery "New Barn" in Essex, and from to she was director of Weir Courtney, a stately home for orphaned children who had survived the concentration camp and came to England after the liberation in , among them Sophie and Gertrud Dann's "Bulldogs Bank children" from Theresienstadt.
In , Alice Goldberger began training as a child analyst. She was among the first group of candidates who received psychoanalytic training at the Hampstead Child Therapy Courses, founded by Anna Freud. Her training analyst was Liselotte Frankl. She was a co-worker of Dorothy Burlingham in the Hampstead Child Therapy Clinic, where she participated in the project of simultaneous analysis of mother and child and in Burlingham's research projects with blind children.
Iseult Frederica Grant Duff was a member of a well-known British family. As a young woman Iseult Grant Duff went to India as a missionary for several years. Having lost her religious faith, she came back to England after the First World War. In she became an associate member and in a full member of the British Psychoanalytical Society, where she was amongst the followers of Anna Freud. Iseult Grant Duff was particularly interested in the application of psychoanalysis to literature and poetry. She translated Sigmund Freud's essay Der Dichter und das Phantasieren into English and wrote articles about themes like the pregenital fixations of Jonathan Swift and the bisexuality of St.
At the age of seventy-five, she and her female companion, who was bedridden with arthritis, committed suicide. She grew up in a protestant family, the eldest of four children. Her youngest sister Gwendoline Emily Meacham, better known as Wendy Wood, was a famous campaigner for Scottish independence. In the family moved to South Africa, where Charles Meacham took up a leading position in a brewery. She became part of the circle around George Bernard Shaw and H. Wells and was a member of the Fabian Society. In she married the Irish musician Herbert Hughes , their son Patrick - later known as Spike Hughes - was born in In their son John Battiscombe Gunn was born, who later became a physicist.
They divorced in the beginning of the s. Meena Battiscombe Gunn studied in Vienna and began her psychoanalytic training as a staff member of the Wiener Psychoanalytisches Ambulatorium in In the s she went to the United States. She studied painting and design at Glasgow School of Art, and piano and organ at the Royal Scottish Academy of Music, before graduating in philosophy from the University of London in In she met the anti-psychiatrist Ronald D. Laing and underwent analysis with him. In the beginning of the s, she received her training in child and adolescent psychotherapy with John Bowlby at the Tavistock Clinic.
Victoria Hamilton worked in London as an art therapist in a psychiatric day hospital, liberal arts lecturer at Hornsey College of Art, as a special needs teacher for schools in the Inner London Education Authority and in child guidance clinics for the National Health Service. In she emigrated to the US, where she married Nicholas Tufnell a year later. Their son Samuel was born in Victoria Hamilton completed her adult training at the Los Angeles Institute of Psychoanalytic Studies and graduated in at the Psychoanalysis Unit of the University of London, having accomplished an empirical study on Patterns of transference interpretation.
She practiced for over 30 years as a psychoanalyst and child and family psychotherapist and was a training and supervising analyst at the Institute of Contemporary Psychoanalysis in Los Angeles. Victoria Hamilton orients herself in the use of the concepts from attachment theory and object-relations theory. In her book Narcissus and Oedipus she takes up Greek myths again, which Sigmund Freud had used to illustrate his theory of the psychological development, completing them with later psychoanalytic research and relating them to her own experience with children.
In her book The Analyst's Preconscious she presents the results of her depth interviews with 65 analysts in Britain and the U. Her father Gabriel Dunlop was a farmer, her mother Margaret McLure ran her own thriving tailoring company before marrying. From to she studied English at the University College London. During and after the war she worked as a teacher in secondary schools.
In she married Harry Thompson, an ecologist working for the Forestry Commission, from whom she was divorced in Her second husband was the poet and English scholar Roland Harris , with whom she had two daughters, Meg Harris Williams and Morag. Martha Harris read psychology at Oxford before training as a child psychotherapist with John Bowlby and Esther Bick at the Tavistock Clinic, followed by training as a psychoanalyst of adults and children at the British Psychoanalytical Society.
She practised privately as a psychoanalyst and was Principal of the Dept. Like Esther Bick , she was an adherent of Melanie Klein's ideas and a pioneer of the method of infant observation. Another important teacher of her's was Wilfred Ruprecht Bion. Together they developed the psychoanalytically-oriented work unit "The Child-in-the-Family-in-the-Community" for schools and therapeutic institutions.
From the mid-seventies to the mid-eighties Donald Meltzer and Martha Harris lectured and supervised in Italy and fostered the establishing of child psychotherapy training, following the Tavistock model, in all the principal Italian institutions. The same they did in India. Martha Harris died in following a serious car accident.
Her family fled the Nazis and emigrated to England, where Lisbeth Neumann studied social sciences. She qualified in psychiatric social work in , and subsequently worked with the National Association for Mental Health. After a break to raise her two children, she worked at a psychiatric hospital for children and families in Hertfordshire and trained as a psychotherapist.
In she began training as a group analyst with S. After qualifying in , she ran therapy groups for parents, couples, foster-parents, nursing staff and teachers in schools and children's homes. She was a long-standing chairman of the Overseas Sub-Committees of the Institute and worked on the Institute's training programmes in Denmark, Norway, Germany and Switzerland.
Liesel Hearst's publications focus on the theory and practice of S.
Independent Mind by Juliet Hopkins
Foulkes' group analysis, especially their use in therapy groups with severely disturbed narcissistic mothers, as well as problems of the training and supervision of group analysts. Both her parents were Russian Jewish immigrants. In , she married Franz Heimann ? Paula Heiman began her resideny in psychiatry at the Psychiatric University Hospital Heidelberg and graduated in with a thesis on the subject of progressive paralysis.
Encouraged by Elisabeth Naef , she started her psychoanalytic training at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute in She underwent three years of training analysis with Theodor Reik, who left Berlin in She completed her training in Berlin in When Hitler came to power in , she emigrated with her daughter to London, while her husband was in Lausanne. They divorced in In , she received her British medical qualification from the University of Edinburgh. In Paula Heimann began her friendship with Melanie Klein , whose emphasis on the aggression and the death instincts appealed to her.
A year later she went into further analysis with Klein , continuing it with interruptions until She became a close collaborator of Melanie Klein and - besides Joan Riviere and Susan Isaacs - the most vehement advocate of Kleinian positions during the s Controversial Discussions with Anna Freud and her followers. In addition she trained in child analysis with Donald Winnicott as her supervisor. In this study, considered to be one of the most important influences on modern psychoanalytic technique, Paula Heimann presented a concept of the counter-transference that differed from the Kleinian view.
To Melanie Klein the counter-transference signified merely a disturbance of the analytic process, however, Paula Heimann showed that the analyst's affective response to his patient could be a key to the unconscious of the latter. In the following years she pleaded for a synthesis of Freudian and Kleinian positions, linking basic Freudian concepts with new developments of ego psychology and object-relation theory.
For this purpose, she came back to Germany in for the first time since she had left Berlin in Paula Heimann, who was known for her charm as well as for her strictness and strength of will, died at the age of 83 in London. Ilse Hellman n grew up as the youngest of three children in a wealthy Jewish family in Vienna. Her parents, Paul Hellmann, an owner of textile mills, and Irene Hellmann-Redlich, maintained a cultural salon in Vienna during the s.
Among their intimate friends were writers and artists such as Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler. After completing a two-year course specialising in juvenile delinquency, Ilse Hellmann went to France and worked from in a home for young offenders near Paris. At the same time, she attended evening classes in psychology at the Sorbonne. From to she worked with children from multi-problem families in a child assessment center in Paris.
The further development of these "war babies", separated from their parents and living in the therapeutic community of Hampstead, continued to be an object of her research during the following decades. In Ilse Hellman began her psychoanalytic training at the London Institute of Psychoanalysis, her training analyst was Dorothy Burlingham. She became an associate member in and a full member in of the British Psychoanalytical Society. From onwards she was training analyst and one of the leading figures in the Anna Freudian Group.
For some years she was in charge of the department for adolescents at Hampstead and directed, together with Liselotte Frankl , a research project on adolescence. Their daughter Margaret was born in Increasing ill health forced Ilse Noach to abandon the practice at the age of Meakin and Sarah Anne Budgett. Before her birth her father was a tea planter in India, in he moved with his family to Tangier, where he established two years later the Times of Morocco.
Subsequently she worked for two years with a mission in the Glasgow slums. After graduation she held appointments as assistant medical officer at the Camberwell Infirmary and the Grove Hospital. In she went to India to do mission work. She was appointed medical officer at the Zenana Hospital in Hyderabad, acting first physician to the Cama Hospital in Bombay and, from to , medical superintendent of the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children in Calcutta. They had four children: Harold, Martin, Sylvia and George.
During the following years Ethilda B. She published three papers on gynaecological topics in and In the family returned to England and settled at Reading. She became an associate member of the BPAS in and a full member in Ethilda Budgett Meakin Herford specialized in the treatment of functional nervous disorders by psychoanalysis and became a director of the British Hospital for Functional Nervous Disorders in Camden Town. She practised psychoanalysis in Reading and was appointed Hon.
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In addition, she translated three works of Sigmund Freud into English. Her father was a Professor of Economics of Labour knighted in Her mother, the younger sister of John Bowlby, creator of the attachment theory, was interested in psychoanalysis and analysed by Joan Riviere.
She chose Enid Balint as her training analyst and was supervised by Donald W. In she married Keith Hopkins , a historian and sociologist, with whom she had three children: Edmund, Ben and Rachel. Juliet and Keith Hopkins divorced in As well as her training in child and adult psychoanalytic psychotherapy, Juliet Hopkins had also completed family therapy training. Juliet Hopkins was a founder member of the independent child psychotherapy training run by the British Association of Psychotherapists, of which she remains a senior member.
She has retired from private practice as a psychotherapist for adults and children but is still involved in teaching at the Tavistock Clinic. Juliet Hopkins has always affiliated herself with the Group of Independents. She has published widely on aspects of child psychotherapy and child development and has a special interest in infancy and attachment behaviours. A collection of her articles was translated into German and published under the title Bindung und das Unbewusste.
Susan Sutherland Isaacs was one of the most important representatives of the psychoanalytic theory of education in England. Her mother, Miriam Sutherland, died when Susan was six years old. At the age of fifteen, her father removed her from her Bolton secondary school, because she had become an agnostic. She worked as a private tutor and governess, before training as a teacher of young children at Manchester and subsequently studying philosophy in Manchester and psychology at Newnham College, Cambridge. In she married the botany professor William B.
Brierley and moved with him to London, where she was appointed tutor in psychology at London University in At that time she still supported a biological approach, as can be seen in her book An Introduction to Psychology. In she became an associate member and in a full member of the British Psychoanalytical Society. She divorced Brierley - who later became the husband of her friend Marjorie - and married Nathan Isaacs , a metallurgist and educationalist, in The fact that the children were encouraged to express their sexual curiosity, led in to the closure of the institution.
From to she directed the Department of Child Development, founded by her at the London University. Between and , under the pseudonym of "Ursula Wise", Isaacs replied to parents' questions in Nursery World. She stated that the intellectual development of the child was intimately connected with emotional development. Starting with the opinion that an education free of repression will prevent learning inhibitions and developmental disturbances, she soon turned to Melanie Klein's view of a particularly harsh super-ego active within the earliest years of life. Too much tolerance can moderate its strength, but also set free the feelings of guilt and aggression linked with it.
As the most sharp-witted spokeswoman for Melanie Klein in the dispute with the Anna Freudians, Susan Isaacs opened the Controversial Discussions in with her paper The nature and function of phantasy , one of the most important essays of the Kleinian writing. In this paper she defined phantasy - differentiating unconscious "phantasy" from daydreaming "fantasy" - as the psychical representative of the drives. According to her, unconscious phantasies constitute the primary content of psychical life and the basis of all unconscious and conscious mental processes.
Susan Isaacs' numerous clinical and theoretical contributions were collected and reprinted in the anthology Childhood and After. She died of cancer in She was the daughter of an electrical engineer, whose Jewish ancestors had arrived in England in the earlyth century from Alsace. In her first employment she helped in the starting up of a child guidance clinic in Salford near Manchester , where she began an analysis with Michael Balint in After the war she finished her psychoanalytic training in London and became a member of the British Psychoanalytical Society in In the mids she was appointed a training analyst of the BPAS.
She became a collaborator of Melanie Klein and went into further analysis with Paula Heimann from to Betty Joseph demonstrated and drew out the technical implications of Kleinian concepts, particularly those of projective and introjective identification. She was interested in the way some patients tried to maintain their often painful psychic equilibrium, although they had a conscious wish for psychic change. Based on Melanie Klein's concept of the "total transference situation", Betty Joseph developed her own distinctive technique.
She paid close attention to the interaction between patient and analyst in the immediate here and now of the analytic process and highlighted the analyst's counter-transference, i. Many of Betty Joseph's most important papers are collected in Psychic Equilibrium and Psychic Change , published in Hansi Hanna Engl was born in Vienna, the younger of two girls, to parents who were of eastern European, Jewish descent.
In economic conditions led her father to move the family hat-making firm to London. In , a year after the "Anschluss" of Austria to Nazi Germany, the rest of the family followed him into emigration. In London Hansi Engl worked from to as a childcare worker in the Hampstead War Nurseries, a residential care home for children made homeless by the war which was founded by Anna Freud and Dorothy Burlingham. At the same time she studied psychology at King's College, then at Birkbeck College, and graduated in psychology in During this time she received her training in child psychoanalysis at the Hampstead Child Therapy Course founded by Anna Freud in Her training analyst was Dorothy Burlingham.
With him, she had two sons, born and Kennedy then held the position of the Centre's First Child Therapist until she retired in She was an editorial advisor for The Bulletin of the Hampstaed Clinic , later The Bulletin of the Anna Freud Centre , from to , and on the editorial board of the Psychoanalytic Study of the Child from to Hansi Kennedy was especially interested in memory, its distortion over time by fantasy and repression, and its reconstruction in child analysis.
Her experience as a child analyst led her to refine the child analytic technique and to understand the relative capacities of a child's insight at various stages of development. From to she studied psychology at Bedford College, University of London, with sociology as a subsidiary subject, and subsequently qualified as a social and industrial psychologist. She received her psychoanalytic training from to at the Institute of Psycho-Analysis in London. Her training analyst was the Kleinian John Rickman, who left the Kleinian group while she was in analysis with him.
During her training she did research in social and industrial psychology at the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations. After Rickman's death in she went into further analysis with Marion Milner. In she became an associate member and in a full member of the British Psychoanalytical Society, where she joined the Middle Group of the independents. In she was appointed as a training analyst. Pearl King held numerous offices within the BPAS and was the first non-medical president of the society between and Also she played a significant role internationally in the organisational life of psychoanalysis, amongst others as Honorary Secretary of the IPA from to and of the EPF from to Besides her interest in the psychoanalysis of the elderly, a main focus of Pearl King's work lay on the history of psychoanalysis.
From to she was Honorary Archivist of the BPAS and initiated a computerised search program concerning the history of psychoanalysis in Britain.
She published a book in collaboration with Riccardo Steiner on the famous controversy between Melanie Klein and Anna Freud during the s. In , along with Hanna Segal , she was awarded the Sigourney Prize for outstanding contributions to psychoanalysis. Melanie Klein played a significant role in the history of psychoanalysis, as the founder of her own school focussing on pre-oedipal development and the early object relations.
She was born as the youngest of four children into a Jewish family in Vienna. Her father, Moriz Reizes, was a general practitioner from Galicia. Contrary to her first wish for a medical training, she enrolled to study history and art at the University of Vienna. However, when she was 21 she married Arthur Klein, a chemical engineer. She moved with him to Rosenheim, where their children Melitta and Hans came into the world. Their youngest son, Ernst , was born in Budapest, where the family settled in Chronically depressive, Melanie Klein went c.
Her first probands were her own children. After presenting her paper Der Familienroman in statu nascendi [ The development of a child ] - which based on the psychoanalytic observation of her son Erich - she became a member of the Hungarian Psychoanalytical Society in After separating from her husband, Melanie Klein went to Berlin in Three years later she began a training analysis with Karl Abraham. In she was accepted as a member of the Berliner Psychoanalytischen Vereinigung and established a psychoanalytic practice in Berlin.
At that period she developed her technique of play analysis, substituting free verbal association with the actions of children at play. Through Alix Strachey she received an invitation from Ernest Jones to come to London, where she settled in In contrast to Vienna and Berlin her work was greatly appreciated in England. Winnicott and Wilfred Ruprecht Bion. They disagreed especially on the origin of the super-ego, which superseded, according to Sigmund and Anna Freud , the Oedipus complex. The archaic and harsh Kleinian super-ego, however, occurred out of early experiences of loss and had its origin in the infant's sadistic impulses, not in the identification with the parents.
Melanie Klein described an inner world of early childhood largely independent of the outer world and populated by phantasmatic "good" and "bad" partial objects, originating from instinctual conflicts. Referring to Sigmund Freud's theory of the death instinct, Melanie Klein stated, that these internal objects, finally, were manifestations of an innate conflicting drive structure. For Klein, the motor of the psychic development was fear as a response to destructive impulses, which were derivatives of the death instinct.
Melanie Klein demonstrated the basic ideas of her theory in her main work The Psycho-Analysis of Children , published in In her essays A contribution to the psychogenesis of manic-depressive states , Mourning and its relation to manic-depressive states and Notes on some schizoid mechanism , she completed her theory with the important concepts of the paranoid-schizoid and the depressive position, which took into account the conflict of simultaneous feelings of love and hate.
The characteristics of these positions were mechanisms of splitting, projective identification and reparation. After the end of the war, Melanie Klein withdrew from the BPAS and concentrated on her activity as a training and supervising analyst. In she initiated the foundation of the Melanie Klein Trust. In her last major contribution Envy and Gratitude , she described envy as an innate destructive drive, which was particularly important for the child's development.
Melanie Klein died in - unreconciled with her daughter Melitta - subsequent to a successful operation for colon cancer, of complications resulting from a broken hip. There she underwent a training analysis with Therese Benedek and continued it with Hanns Sachs in Berlin. In she became a member of the Deutsche Psychoanalytische Vereinigung, where she joined the circle of Marxist analysts around Otto Fenichel and Wilhelm Reich.
In , after Hitler came to power, Barbara Lantos emigrated first to Paris, where her son was born in Barbara Lantos was appointed as a training analyst and lecturer at the Hampstead Child Therapy Course, founded by Anna Freud after the end of the war. As the scientific secretary of the BPAS, she later took a more independent position.
Based on the theory of ego-psychology, Barbara Lantos wrote essays about the nature of work, which were still influencing later discussions. Herbert Marcuse judged her paper Work and the instincts as the most far-reaching attempt at that time to answer the question of the drive structure of work. Lantos saw work as a highly integrated ego activity serving self-preservation instincts, in contrast to play, which is gratifying in itself and determined by pregenital impulses. Her mother was a child psychiatrist, her stepfather a mathematician. In she became a member and later a training analyst of the British Psychoanalytical Society.
In the mids, she married the Canadian psychoanalyst Moses Moe Laufer , whose main focus was on treating disturbed and delinquent adolescents. In , together with her husband and others, she was a co-founder of the Brent Adolescent Centre in London, an institution for the analytic treatment of adolescents and research into adolescent disturbances. They base their theory on Sigmund Freud's proclamation that the pubertal processes give sexual identity its final shape, which they describe as a compromise between what is wished and what can be allowed. In this context, the central masturbation fantasy plays an important role, it contains the various regressive satisfactions and the main sexual identifications.
An adolescent breakdown takes place when the regressive elements in the central masturbation fantasy are too powerful and cannot be integrated with the reality of the changing sexual body. The unconscious rejection of the sexual body becomes manifest in symptoms like suicide attempts, self-mutilations, anorexia, and psychotic disorders. She studied psychology at the University of Manchester, graduating in M. She became a member, and in a training analyst of the BPAS. Lewinsky ran a psychoanalytical practice in Manchester and worked for child guidance clinics in the North West.
She left England in to open a practice in New York. Hilde Lewinsky published essays on topics like shyness, obsession, homosexuality and masochism. In her most famous paper On some aspects of masochism she centralized the narcissistic satisfactions gained through masochism, which had the significance of a proof of what one can stand.
- Haapanen-Tallgren, Tyyni.
- freud quotes: An Independent Mind: Collected Papers of Juliet Hopkins.
- Carbon-13 NMR Spectroscopy;
- A Question of Technique: Independent Psychoanalytic Approaches with Children and Adolescents.
- Shakespeare / Not Shakespeare | SpringerLink?
- The Pharaohs Shadow: Travels in Ancient and Modern Egypt?
Suffering from chronic post-scarlatinal arthritis, Hilde Lewinsky died at the early age of Margaret Isabel Little was born in Bedford as the second of five children. Her father was a maths teacher, her mother was musical and artistic, but also chaotic and controlling. Margaret Little read medicine and completed her clinical training at St. Mary's Hospital in From to she worked as a general practitioner in Edgware in West London. During this time she had been a clinical assistant at the Tavistock Clinic to , where she trained as a psychotherapist. Due to personal problems Margaret Little undertook her first analysis from to with a Jungian analyst she called "Dr.
From to she went into analysis with Ella Sharpe , who became her training analyst. X and Ella Sharpe failed to realize the psychotic character of Margaret Little's anxieties, so she began a further analysis with Donald W. In her book Psychotic Anxieties and Containment she gave an account of this successful analysis, lasting from to , and resuming in Margeret Little is particularly known for her contributions on counter-transference. In her article Countertransference and the patient's response to it she went beyond Paula Heimann's view of counter-transference as a signal for the analyst and stated, that counter-transference is of the same importance as transference: Patients often noticed unconsciously the analyst's counter-transference and if the analyst took no account of his counter-transference then they also would not believe in transference.
In Margaret Little withdrew from professional life. Besides her work as a psychoanalyst she was a painter and poet. An anthology of her essays and poems was published in under the title Transference Neurosis and Transference Psychosis. Toward Basic Unity. She was an art teacher in South Kensington before she studied at the London School of Medicine for Women, graduating in She worked, among others, as resident medical officer at an orphanage in Hawkhurst, Kent, and set up her own practice as a general practitioner in London.
Constance Long, whose psychotherapic practice was focused on hypnotism and dream analysis, was a member of the Psycho-Medical Society formerly the Medical Society fo the Study of Suggestive Therapeutics and the Society for Psychical Research, which had the purpose of understanding parapsychological phenomena. Jung in Zurich, whose theories she regarded as an extension of classical psychoanalysis. Even after the break between Jung and Freud, she continued participating in the meetings of the London Psycho-Analytical Society - to the annoyance of Ernest Jones, who dissolved the London Society and reformed it as the British Psycho-Analytical Society in , expelling the Jungians.
Constance Long pioneered in propagating the theories of Jung in Great Britain, especially by editing a volume of Jung's works entitled Collected Papers on Analytical Psychology However, she became seriously ill and returned to England after the conference. She did not participate in founding the C. Jung Club in London in , because she went to the U. Apparently, she was no longer directed by Jung's ideas, after she had become an adherent of the Russian mystic Peter D. Ouspensky in Knopf, and her books have been translated into twenty languages.
She lives in Brooklyn with her husband and children, and is at work on a novel set in New Orleans. Just as Martha Stewart introduced a generation to entertaining nearly forty years ago, so now Alison Roman reinvents the dinner party as a relaxed gathering for our current culture where dining out is increasingly expensive and everyone is craving down time connecting with friends. In Nothing Fancy, Alison brings her signature laid-back, approachable style and visually stunning recipes that are high on wow factors and low on effort to dishes designed to be enjoyed with others, whether for an impromptu Tuesday dinner with a neighbor or a Saturday-night hang with the gang.
Originally from Los Angeles, she lives in Brooklyn until she moves upstate like everyone else. Life isnt fair. Few know just how unjust the universe can be more than Rebecca Fishbein. A former senior editor for Gothamist, her adult life has mirrored New York media itself—constantly evolving in unexpected ways and seemingly always on the edge of disaster. Multiple bedbug infestations. Getting fired. Suffering public humiliation—being yelled at while working at a now-defunct bright clothing chain. Losing everything in a freak fire. Enduring cyberbullying by angry Taylor Swift fans.
Yet somehow Rebecca is still standing and has the moxie to tell you about it. Written with unflinching honesty, a dollop of soul, and withering humor, the essays in Good Things Happen to People You Hate are dark, insightful, and hilarious. She will talk to you endlessly about the TV show Girls, even though she hates it.
So the shortest day came, and the year died… As the sun set on the shortest day of the year, early people would gather to prepare for the long night ahead. They built fires and lit candles. They played music, bringing their own light to the darkness, while wondering if the sun would ever rise again. Richly illustrated by Carson Ellis with a universality that spans the centuries, this beautiful book evokes the joy and community found in the ongoing mystery of life when we celebrate light, thankfulness, and festivity at a time of rebirth. Welcome Yule! White Read Aloud Award. She's also an occasional maker of editorial illustration, having worked for The New York Times, Poetry Magazine, and The New Yorker, among many others, and an even more occasional fine artist represented by Nationale in Portland.
Carson lives on a farm in Oregon with Colin, their two sons, one cat, two llamas, two goats, one sheep, ten chickens, a family of barn owls and an unfathomable multitude of tree frogs.
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In Good Husbandry, she reveals what happened over the next five years at Essex Farm. Farming has many ups and downs, and the middle years were hard for the Kimballs. Mark got injured, the weather turned against them, and the farm faced financial pressures. Meanwhile, they had two small children to care for. How does one traverse the terrain of a maturing marriage and the transition from being a couple to being a family? How will the farm survive? What does a family need in order to be happy?
Kristin had chosen Mark and farm life after having a good look around the world, with a fair understanding of what her choices meant. She knew she had traded the possibility of a steady paycheck, of wide open weekends and spontaneous vacations, for a life and work that was challenging but beautiful and fulfilling. So with grit and grace and a good sense of humor, she chose to dig in deeper. Kristin Kimball is a farmer and a writer living in northern New York. Prior to farming, Kimball worked as a freelance writer, writing teacher, and as an assistant to a literary agent in New York City.
Tamar Adler is a contributing editor to Vogue. She lives in Hudson, New York. Little one, so calm and so happy, the darkness of the night is yours like the darkness of your skin. This lyrical text, narrated to a young girl named Amani by her father, follows her as she plays an evening game of hide-and-seek with friends at her apartment complex. This is a gorgeous bedtime read-aloud about joy and family love and community, and most of all about feeling great in your own skin.
Abdul-Razak Zachariah grew up in West Haven, Connecticut, and based the story's apartment complex and community on his own. A graduate of Yale College, he was deeply involved in diversity and inclusion advocacy while there, and he received the Mellon Mays Research Fellowship and the Nakanishi Prize. He is currently working in college student recruitment and community partnerships at LEAP, a New Haven literacy organization.
The Night Is Yours is his first book. Carmen Maria Machado describes her growing pains as she learned to feed and care for herself during her twenties. She lives in a town outside Washington, D. Lev Grossman is the author of five novels, including the international bestseller Codex and the 1 New York Times bestselling Magicians trilogy.
The Magicians books have been published in twenty-five countries, and a Syfy series based on the trilogy premiered in early A widely published journalist, Grossman spent 15 years as the book critic and lead technology writer for Time magazine. Born and raised in Lexington, MA, he lives in Brooklyn with his wife, two daughters, and one son. He and his husband live in Brooklyn. Elio soon moves to Paris, where he, too, has a consequential affair, while Oliver, now a New England college professor with a family, suddenly finds himself contemplating a return trip across the Atlantic. He lives with his wife in Manhattan.
John Hodgman: Medallion Status. He will take many questions from the audience. Pending local availability, he will also interview one or more famous corgis of Instagram. Other upgrades and loyalty bonuses will be announced on the night of the event. That is all.
John Hodgman is a writer, comedian, and actor. Full of insight, advice and humor for every sign in the zodiac, the Astro Poets' unique brand of astrological flavor has made them Twitter sensations. Their long-awaited first book is in the grand tradition of Linda Goodman's Sun Signs, but made for the world we live in today. In these pages the Astro Poets help you see what's written in the stars and use it to navigate your friendships, your career, and your very complicated love life. If you've ever wondered why your Gemini friend won't let you get a word in edge-wise at drinks, you've come to the right place.
When will that Scorpio texting "u up? Hint: they won't. Both the perfect introduction to the twelve signs for the astrological novice, and a resource to return to for those who already know why their Cancer boyfriend cries during commercials but need help with their new whacky Libra boss, this is the astrology book must-have for the twenty-first century and beyond. He lives in New York. Dorothea Lasky is the author of six books of poetry and prose, most recently Milk and the forthcoming Animal. She lives in New York. She lives in the Hudson Valley in New York.
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Poems radiate a love for life, the world, and the temporal nature of existence. Roots of memory and nostalgia become the architecture of the mind as Thomson explores the past to better grasp the future. Featured books in the collection focus on desire, language, and landscape; while others explore loss in the context of myth, sexuality, violence, politics, and community.
He is currently professor of creative writing at the University of Maine Farmington. In addition, he serves as the poetry editor at Solstice Literary Magazine.
- The Actions and Uses of Ophthalmic Drugs. A Textbook for Students and Practitioners.
- Shakespeare / Not Shakespeare!
- Python Pocket Reference (5th Edition)?
- Court of Appeals of Virginia Unpublished Opinions in PDF Format.
- Follow the Author.
- Books Are Magic.
- Independent Mind by Juliet Hopkins!
Lillian and Madison were the unlikeliest of roommates at their elite boarding school: Madison, the daughter of a prominent Atlanta family, being groomed for greatness; Lillian, a scholarship student, plucked out of nowhere based solely on her intellect and athletic prowess.
The two were as tight as could be, reveling in their unique weirdnesses, until Lillian had to leave the school unexpectedly. Years later, the two have lost touch, but Madison writes and begs Lillian for help. Disbelieving at first but ultimately too intrigued by these strange children, Lillian agrees. It all seems impossible to manage, but Lillian soon accepts that she and the children need each other, urgently and fiercely. With a white-hot wit and a big, tender heart, Kevin Wilson has written a most unusual story of deep parental love that proves to be his best book yet.
He lives in Sewanee, Tennessee, with his wife and two sons. Her books have been published in twenty countries. She and her husband own Books Are Magic, this very bookstore. From "one of America's most courageous young journalists" NPR comes a propulsive narrative history investigating the year-old mystery behind a dramatic experiment that changed the course of modern medicine.
- New Testament Text and Translation Commentary;
- Lie Algebras: Theory and Algorithms.
- Shop by category;
- A History of the French New Wave Cinema (Wisconsin Studies in Film);
- Organize for a Fresh Start: Embrace Your Next Chapter in Life.
For centuries, doctors have struggled to define mental illness--how do you diagnose it, how do you treat it, how do you even know what it is? In search of an answer, in the s a Stanford psychologist named David Rosenhan and seven other people--sane, normal, well-adjusted members of society--went undercover into asylums around America to test the legitimacy of psychiatry's labels.
Forced to remain inside until they'd "proven" themselves sane, all eight emerged with alarming diagnoses and even more troubling stories of their treatment. Rosenhan's watershed study broke open the field of psychiatry, closing down institutions and changing mental health diagnosis forever. But, as Cahalan's explosive new research shows, very little in this saga is exactly as it seems.
What really happened behind those closed asylum doors, and what does it mean for our understanding of mental illness today? Since her bestselling memoir Brain on Fire, where she chronicles her own struggles with modern medicine after being misdiagnosed with a serious mental illness, author and journalist Susannah Cahalan has become a leading voice on the treatment of mental illness in America. Brain on Fire has sold over a million copies, spent 52 weeks on the New York Times bestseller list and was made into a feature film. A native of Philadelphia, she now lives in New York City.
Ada Calhoun is the author of St. The chasm in her family is growing wider by the day and Grace is desperate for reconciliation, and frustrated by the feeling that her sister and parents are shielding her from the true cause of the falling out. Shawn Matthews is dealing with a fractured family of his own. His sister, Ava, was murdered as a teenager back in , and this new shooting is bringing up painful memories. Plus, his cousin Ray is just released from prison and needs to reconnect with their family after so many years away.
When another shocking crime hits LA, the Parks and the Matthewses collide in ways they never could have expected. After decades of loss, violence, and injustice, tensions come to a head and force a reckoning that could clear the air or lead to more violence. A native of the San Fernando Valley, she lives in Los Angeles with her husband and two basset hounds.
She lives in New York City. Edited by Charlotte Druckman and featuring esteemed food journalists and thinkers, including Soleil Ho, Nigella Lawson, Diana Henry, Carla Hall, Samin Nosrat, Rachael Ray, and many others, this compilation illuminates the notable and varied women who make up the food world. Born and raised on the tiny island of Manhattan i. Her first cookbook Stir, Sizzle, Bake was released in At 17, Andy Baraghani began working at world-renowned restaurant, Chez Panisse.
From there, he continued his culinary training in some of the top restaurants around the country, including Gary Danko, Corton, and Estela. By the time he was 21 he was running a monthly pop-up featuring seasonal Iranian food outside of his Brooklyn apartment. Find him on Instagram. Flags are brilliant and clever works of art and design, and they bring people together under a common banner. This colorful story follows a group of friends who helped dye and sew strips of cloth to create the first Rainbow Flags for the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade in Led by a young artist named Gilbert Baker, the friends set out to create a flag that people could march behind during the Pride Parade.
They knew the flag needed to be bright, in order to be seen by everyone as they marched. It needed to be bold, to lead the crowd. And it needed to be beautiful, like the love celebrated by the parade! The result is an iconic flag that has become an international symbol of the gay pride movement. Her next project is a collaborative, cross-institution book and exhibition, Designing Motherhood: A Century of Making and Unmaking Babies. Find it on Instagram at designingmotherhood. The Child Guidance Council and the LCC had initially approached the Commonwealth Fund, an American organisation which not only founded child guidance clinics but was also their chief funder.
The Fund agreed to provide financial support for the first five years. It also became the main centre in the United Kingdom for training in child guidance. Its first Medical Director was Dr William Moodie , who had visited such clinics in the United States in with a view to establishing one in England.
Whilst there was no stated age limit, the majority of children were between the ages of 11 and Their characteristic problems included backwardness, stealing, nervousness, being difficult and unmanageable, lying, having a temper, enuresis, sex difficulties, speech difficulties stammering , truancy, spitefulness, defiance, nervousness, night terrors and fears, restlessness and sleeplessness, screaming, depression, nervous movements, anxiety, fits, feeding difficulties, unwillingness to attend school, lack of concentration, hysteria and overactivity.
About a third were referred by LCC schools and almost as many by their parents or guardians. Other referrals came from physicians, magistrates and probation officers. No child was accepted for treatment without the express agreement of the parents or guardians. Physical disease was conspicuously absent, although some children suffered from fatigue and malnutrition due to poor housing conditions and poverty. Faulty posture and muscular flaccidity were common. In nearly all cases, home and local environment played a part in the causation of problems. The history of each case was considered in detail.
Treatment was very simple - talks, discussions, play in groups or individually and games. Mostly it took the form merely of advice to the parents and sometimes practical help to enable the advice to be carried out. If physical treatment was needed, the child would be referred to a doctor or a hospital. Educational problems were resolved with the help of the child's teacher. Sometimes a child was given individual tuition at the Clinic. In two Fellowships in Psychiatry and two in Psychology were established for postgraduate training at the Clinic.